Pemanfaatan Air Kelapa dan Ekstrak Bawang Merah pada Pembibitan Bulbil Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri Blume)

Utilization of Coconut Water and Shallots Extract in Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri Blume) Bulbil Nurseries

  • Farhanah A Polbangtan Gowa
  • Ismail Tandi Politeknik Pembangunan Pertanian Gowa
  • Dian Meylani Politeknik Pembangunan Pertanian Gowa
  • Jabal R Ashar Universitas Muslim Indonesia
Keywords: Natural PGRs, porang, vegetative propagation

Abstract

Bulbil is one of the vegetative propagation methods to get porang seedlings, however it takes a long time to become good quality seedlings that are ready to be planted. The application of growth regulators can help accelerate the growth of shoots. This research was done to know the effectiveness of natural PGRs from coconut water and shallots extract in bulbil porang nurseries. The research was done from April to June 2022, located in Bontotangnga Village, Bontolempangan District, Gowa Regency, South Sulawesi. The method used was a Group Randomized Design with four (4) seed soaking treatments and four (4) replays so that 16 treatment plots were obtained. The treatments were control (just water), coconut water 250 mL/L of water, shallot extract 150 mL/L of water, and coconut water 250 mL/L of water + shallot extract 150 mL/L of water. The results of this research showed that the treatment with coconut water 250 mL / L + shallot extract 150 mL / L had the best influence on the growth of bulbil porang seeds with an average bud emergence time of 2,3 days, plant height of 28,44 cm, stem diameter 7,18 mm, and seedling root volume 8,17 mL. This means that soaking with coconut water 250 mL/L + shallot extract 150 mL/L water on the seeds of bulbil porang effectively provides an increase in the number of bud appearance, height, and diameter of the stem, as well as the volume of roots of porang seedlings.

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Published
2022-12-30
How to Cite
A, F., Tandi, I., Meylani, D., & Ashar, J. R. (2022). Pemanfaatan Air Kelapa dan Ekstrak Bawang Merah pada Pembibitan Bulbil Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri Blume): Utilization of Coconut Water and Shallots Extract in Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri Blume) Bulbil Nurseries. Jurnal Agroekoteknologi Dan Agribisnis, 6(2), 69-80. https://doi.org/10.51852/jaa.v6i2.556