Youth Farmers Interest In Seasonal Vegetable Farming In Cipaku District, Ciamis Regency, West Java

  • Eka Rosliana Politeknik Pembangunan Pertanian Bogor
  • Dwiwanti Sulistyowati
  • Wida Pradiana
Keywords: young farmer, interest, farming

Abstract

Three of the five main commodities of annual vegetables (tomatoes, cabbage, potatoes, chilies and Chinese cabbage) are produced in almost every district / city in West Java except potatoes and cabbage which are only produced in certain regions (BPS, 2018). In Ciamis Regency the agricultural sector is still the driving wheel of the economy, so its influence on the rate of economic growth is very significant. This condition also illustrates that the government of Ciamis Regency is still "concerned" about developing the potential of the agricultural sector (BPS Ciamis, 2019). Cipaku District has a land area of 6.569 hectares consisting of dry land and paddy fields. Dry land has the potential to be developed as a vegetable production center of 42% which is divided into plots and gardens / fields (Programa Cipaku District, 2019). However, the interest of the younger generation / youth to cultivate the land is very small, this is due to perceptions about farming activities and the very bleak fate of farmers.

            In addition, the population working in the agricultural sector is very limited both the main actors and business actors. Especially for the horticulture sector, the role of the main actors was 1,098 (11.7%) and business actors were only 164 people (1.7%). This condition has an impact on the sustainability of farming in the District of Cipaku, because it actually depends on the interests of the young people to continue the profession of their parents. The purpose of this study is to describe the interests of farmer farmers, analyze related factors and strategies to increase the interests of young farmers. The analysis used in this study Rank Spearmen and Kendall's W. The analysis shows that the interest of young farmers in seasonal vegetable farming is high, and related factors are the source of information, extension activities and government support. That way the interest of young farmers can be increased by carrying out extension activities as needed to support the sustainability of farming

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Published
2021-04-21
Section
Articles